There are many batteries for different industries, if you want to find the right type of battery for your application, this is the right guide for you. We list most types of batteries in this guide, you can find the right one for your business.
Non-Rechargeable Batteries (Primary)
The non-rechargeable batteries are considered the primary types. These power storage are not rechargeable after being drained. Primary cells are what we call the single-cycle battery.
Here are some considered single-use batteries.
1. Alkaline Battery
The alkaline battery comes with alkaline electrolytes, specifically potassium hydroxide. It has consistent voltage with increased energy density. Moreover, this energy storage has more leak protection features than carbon zinc ones.
- Equally operates at both low and increased discharge
- Low internal resistance
- Dimensionally consistent
- Long service life
- Effectively used in long-term application
The aluminum-air batteries have a high-purity feature power storage type. They have 100% aluminum negative electrode and oxygen for the positive segment. These batteries are known for their extraordinary density. Among added solutions are alkaline, not aqueous, and salty electrolytes.
- Environmentally friendly
- Excellent performance
3. Coin Cell
The coin cell is also called the button cell. It is typically installed in watches. This battery is small with round shapes made from stainless steel material.
Moreover, coin cells are valuable for computers, maintaining their specific setting even turned off.
The button cell batteries give power to the computer system, remembering the settled clock time even after turning it off.
4. Dry Cells
Dry cell batteries have electrochemical cells and may be single or more. The cells change the chemical energy into electrical ones. Their electrolytes come with paste or other damp solutions.
Contrary to wet batteries, dry cells never spill. That makes them suitable for various portable devices. The applications include;
- Medical devices
- Aviation and more
5. Earth Battery
The earth batteries are water-activated cells that form electricity through the soil’s electrochemical effects. These batteries are made from essential elements, like copper wires, wet soil, and copper cathodes – providing suitable energy to radios in shut-off areas.
6. Galvanic Cell
The galvanic cells are also called voltaic batteries. They function when the electrodes are prone to electrolytes. Their interactions make the metal’s atoms possibly produce electrolyte ions. In such cases, the metal electrodes are charged in a negative state.
Among galvanic cell components are;
- Cathode – it is where the subtraction happens
- Anode – it is where oxidation happens
- Outer circuit – controls the movement of electrons and electrodes
- Load – a circuit component that uses the electron to travel, making the cell operate
- Salt bridge – comes with electrolytes needed to fulfill the battery circuit.
7. Lithium-Air Battery
Lithium-air or Li-air batteries are a combination of oxygen and lithium-ion. The formation of lithium oxide happens on the discharge of the positive electrode. At present, there are three types developed on Li-air.
The research discovered prospective capabilities for their particular areal capacity and limitations for further usage.
8. Paper Battery
The invention of paper batteries aims to have a positive environmental impact. Additionally, they are designed to serve processor problems.
The battery’s structure is composed of 90% of cellulose. This property is non-harmful, biodegradable, consistent, and has low-shear strength.
Showcasing such factors indicates their significant potential for usage in medical, technological, and other applications.
9. Magnesium Battery
Magnesium batteries offer suitable practical importance. The features are environmentally friendly, low-cost, and safe, demonstrating its usefulness. Additionally, battery raw material is robust in the supply chain.
These qualities enable the battery to function at high capacity, especially in energy storage for
10. Mercury Battery
Watches, hearing aids, and other tiny portable applications frequently use mercury batteries. Because of its size, the battery is suitable for small electronic gadgets.
Mercury batteries have a lifespan of more than ten years. With a starting voltage of 1.35V, it retains constant capacity even at 5%.
11. Silver-Oxide Battery
The composition of silver-oxide batteries is made from an anode that uses zinc. And the cathode using silver oxide is relatively nominal, making them very inexpensive.
The lunar program uses the silver-oxide battery for its missions. For example,
Silver oxide battery in the Apollo mission to power the lunar module and rover. Because of its high power-to-weight ratio, the battery can provide support.
12. Zinc-Carbon Battery
The zinc-carbon batteries supply power for versatile usages. They are mainly used for remotes, flashlights, and clocks. However, it’s also capable of providing demanding applications for industrial and commercial use.
Some of its highlighted capacity features are
- High specific energy
- Extended cycle life
13. Zinc-Air Battery
Although zinc-air batteries are part of the primary types, their fuel cells are rechargeable (mechanically). The battery has the advantage of high density and low pricing.
Small button cells to grid-scale energy storage systems are accessible and optional for battery size structure.
14. Zinc-Chloride Battery
The zinc-chloride battery is known for its super-heavy-duty capacity. It has a three-fold longer lifespan than zinc carbon.
Moreover, zinc-chloride batteries are perfect for low-demanding power applications like radio. They have a long lifespan, consistent voltage output, and low cost.
15. Water-Activated Battery
The water-activated batteries are also known ad reserved batteries. They are activated using immersed water or aqueous electrolytes.
These primary batteries come with multiple advantages, including;
- Instantaneous activation
- No required maintenance
- High energy density
Rechargeable Batteries (Secondary)
Rechargeable batteries are typically referred to as secondary batteries. They are reusable and can be recharged to their initial state. The rechargeable batteries have long lifespans. Therefore, they are applicable for numerous uses.
Take a look at the common secondary battery types.
16. Lithium-Ion Battery
Lithium-ion, known as Li-Ion, is considered the most utilized battery. This battery has exceptional qualities that make them the best option. Among the features of Li-Ion are
- 3X higher voltage
- Extended shelf-life
- Supports high-power usage
- The low self-discharge rate of 1.5-2 percent per month
17. Calcium Battery
Calcium batteries are the preferable option for high capacity. The composition of this battery improves its ability to support various attributes. Such as reducing lost charge caused by internal chemical processes. It enables the function of
- Improved corrosion resistance
- 18% starting power
- Slower self-discharge rates
- Reduced water electrolysis level
18. Nickel-Cadmium Battery
The nickel-cadmium battery is mainly used for high-draining applications. This battery stands out from the other types due to its unique features. It can sustain voltage until they run out of charge. Among the qualities of NiCd batteries include
- 500 cycles
- Providing maximum capacity
- Withstand extreme temperatures up to 70%
19. Nickel-Zinc Battery
Nickel-Zinc, commonly known as NiZn, exhibits similar qualities to nickel-cadmium batteries. But they have an advantage of 1.6 times in terms of voltage power.
These battery types can displace lead acid in high-drain applications. And it is possible due to the NiZn battery’s higher mass ratio in energy and power.
20. Flow Battery
One of the two liquids divided by a membrane is the flow battery. They are circulated so that the ions can interchange. With that, a longer life cycle for the battery is made possible. Also, the flow batteries are exceptional in their features
- 10,000 cycles with almost no storage capacity loss
- Operates in a wide range of temperatures
- Low health risks upon exposure
21. Magnesium Battery
The active charge agent in the battery is magnesium cation material. It has been noted that batteries made of magnesium can sustain high stabilities and practical usage.
Additionally, it has been found that in some areas, they are expanding beyond the capacity of lithium-ion batteries.
22. Lead-Acid Battery
For more than a century, lead-acid batteries have proved effective. Their electrodes are covered in electrolytes of sulfuric acid.
Also, lead-acid battery is accessible in various configurations. It ranges from sealed cells of 1 Ah capacity to 12,000 Ah cell capacity.
- Overcharging tolerant
- High-power output ability
- 70% battery efficiency
23. Aluminum-Ion Battery
An electrolyte links two electrons in an aluminum-ion battery. They function as charge carriers as part of the rechargeable class batteries. These batteries are specialized in a particular use because of their unique qualities.
- 1060 Wh/kg energy density
- 60% fast charging
- 3x better battery life
24. Polymer-Based Battery
This battery is constructed from organic materials. They perform exceptionally well in terms of charging speed and cycling stability. These characteristics contribute to the optimistic future of polymer-based batteries.
Flexible fabrication and high power densities are among their remarkable characteristics.
25. Glass Battery
The glass battery had its name followed by a highly conductive glass content material. Its composition is made up of barium-doped lithium chloride and lithium hydroxide.
Features of a glass battery are its impressive electrolyte, short charging duration, and 12,000 charge and discharge cycles.
26. Potassium-Ion Battery
The advanced features of K-ion batteries are that their used materials are affordable and abundant in resources. The battery exhibits exceptional kinetics and has excellent potential for rate.
In addition, the potassium-ion battery displays solid performance for large-scale energy, such as electric automobiles.
27. Sand Battery
The sand battery’s primary purpose is to support the high power and capacity function. Sand is utilized for thermal energy storage at high temperatures. They mostly use at
- Hot steam
- Heat homes
- High-temperature process industry
28. Wet Cell
A common type of rechargeable battery is the wet cell. The electrolyte solution is where the name “wet cells” originates. It contains both water and an acid mixture. Additionally, that includes plates and lead oxide in the combination.
Since this battery has a liquid substance, it requires venting and being appropriately placed.
29. Zinc-Ion Battery
Zinc-ion batteries are the most promising energy storage. The battery is applicable for grid-scale applications such as power plants. It’s due to the battery’s offered safeties, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly.
Since the chemistry of zinc-ion batteries is water-based, they pose no risk of fire or explosion.
Choose By Sizes
Various battery sizes are essential to every device’s performance. Mainly if the battery is more extensive, it possesses more energy capacity. That means the energy storage capacity will depend on battery sizes.
Consider the following sizes of batteries.
30. AA Batteries
Double A batteries are one of the typical replaceable batteries. They are used for multiple applications, such as;
- Staffing pagers
- Cordless phones
1.5 double A battery voltage operates well in increased current draw equipment.
31. AAA Batteries
The triple-A batteries are ideal for calculators, small toys, remote controls, and other usages that don’t need more energy. These batteries are smaller yet produce less energy. They have long-lasting service life with good performance levels.
32. AAAA Batteries
Compared to double and triple A, quadruple A is uncommon. Despite having small sizes, these batteries are powerful. Moreover, AAAA batteries are typically used for;
- Glucose meters
- Remote control (hearing aid)
- LED penlights
- Laser points
- And other small devices
33. C Batteries
The C batteries are a heavy-duty type of power storage. These batteries are safe for powerful applications like portable radios, sanitizer dispensers, flush sensors, and more.
34. D Batteries
Large D batteries provide an extended time limit of usage. These are effectively used for electric paper towel dispensers. Additionally, D batteries work well in
- Large flashlights
- Air freshener systems
- Sensors faucets
- and other heavy-use equipment
35. 9V Batteries
The 9V batteries typically have a rectangular form. They are suitable for various devices that need more power and increased voltage.
9-Volt batteries are durable and provide excellent operation. This power storage works with an environmental temperature of 0°F to 130°F.
Therefore batteries with 9 volts are effectively utilized for numerous applications, like
- Walk-in coolers
- Infrared thermometers
- Electronic scales
- Temperature alarms
- And other kitchen devices
36. CR123A Batteries
Aside from having a shorter length, the CR123A batteries produce two times the AA battery voltage. Despite smaller sizes, these batteries give a tremendous rate of power.
They are used for various tactical equipment, LED flashlights, home automation, and wireless connections. Their power-to-size measure makes them last for a long time.
37. 23A Batteries
The 23A batteries are designed for small devices, including remotes, door openers, watches, and more.
Also, 23A batteries have about 12V capacity. This power is ideal for applications that need high energy, including
- Wireless doorbells
- Film cameras
- Door openers
- And more
38. CR2032 Batteries
The extraordinary CR2032 batteries have circular shapes and compact sizes. Their 3-volt capacity works well in toys, watches, and various medical devices.
Additionally, these batteries come with various advantageous features, like
- Long service life
- Increased weight-to-power rate
- Accurate power
Batteries for Various Applications
There are multiple battery options available, suitable for different applications. The following defines some of them.
39. Automotive Battery
A primary function of an automotive battery is to supply electric power to start the engine. The rechargeable or secondary battery can provide electrical power to a vehicle’s components. It can also deliver power for lights, GPS, wipers, stereo, and other accessories.
The standard specifications for the automotive battery are a full charge of no less than 12 volts. That sums up the six battery cells, total control of 2.1 volts.
Most Utilize Batteries
- Wet Cell
40. Vacuum Battery
Equipping a suitable battery for the vacuum is essential to experience its total capacity. And choosing the best batteries should base on nominal,
The most common vacuum batteries
- Lead-Acid. Although they are not comparable to the other batteries, lead acids are still used for vacuums.
- Nickel Cadmium. This battery supports high discharge for vacuums which makes them ideal.
- Lithium-Ion. The best choice for a vacuum is this battery. It provides many advantages the most.
41. Storage Power Battery
The storage powers are the secondary batteries that provide energy for many applications. They have the most advanced features than regular types.
Storage power batteries are used for emergency backup, residential applications, and indusial usage. These batteries showcase high efficiency, capacity, and lifespan ability. However, they can be expensive.
Some of the significant plants worldwide for storage power use lead-acid and nickel cadmium.
42. Electric-Vehicle Battery
Rechargeable battery types power the utilization of electric vehicles. This battery sustains a long usage duration, particularly when combined with the appropriate battery types.
For EVs, the most recommended batteries are lithium-ion. They can sustain energy capacity in the long run. Also, lithium-ion can offer many benefits. The resistance, safety, and lifespan are a guarantee.
43. Home Energy Storage
Home energy storage provides electricity for consumption in households usage. This battery can ensure the most efficient operation of household solar power systems and optimize electricity. Additionally, it ensures that power is continuous despite brief interruptions.
And two main types of batteries for home usage are lead acids and lithium-ions. The benefits of using energy storage systems are
- Reduce emissions. Gas and coal emissions are prevented
- Power backup. Enables backup electricity to be used in blackouts
- Save money. Cut costs by consuming less grid electricity.
- Energy independent. Reduces grid usage by storing extra solar energy.
44. Inverter Battery
Inverter or AC drive that turns a direct current into an alternating current. This electronic device is in charge of regulating electric motors’ torque and speed.
The battery is usually used for laptops, phones, air-conditioners, and refrigerators. Maintaining an uninterrupted power supply is its primary function.
An inverter battery is made to perform well in high temperatures and during prolonged power outages. When fully charged, they can last up to 10 hours. However, a backup calculator can determine the exact battery backup time.
45. Lantern Battery
A lantern battery with a rectangular size is a primary type of battery. The battery is built more extensively and has more capacity. Lantern batteries are made up of several cells in a housing.
|Lantern Battery Standard Specification|
In every application, there are suitable batteries for it. The basic information above can surely help you decide which one is perfect. Contact our team for further details, bulky orders, and customization assistance needs!